Eufaula, the county seat of McIntosh County, is located in the southern part of the county, on the Missouri, Kansas & Texas Railway, not far from the Canadian River.
The name "Eufaula" has been a favorite one among the
Creek or Muskogee Tribe of Indians.
As early as the year 1800 they had a town of that name,
on Eufaula Creek, near the present site of Talladega, Ala. It was one of
their early upper creek towns.
Pickett's History of Alabama mentions an Indian town,
belonging to the Creeks, which he calls Eufaulahatche. Little Eufauly is
mentioned by one of the historians as early as 1792. Another upper creek
town called Eufaula, was located on the Tallapoosa River, near the
present town of Dadeville, Tennessee. Another Eufaula, known as a lower
creek town, was located on the east bank of the Chattahooche River,
within the limits of the present County of Quitman in the State of
Georgia. In 1799 some of the Indians of this settlement went down to the
mouth of Flint River and established another town of the same name. And
still another lower creek town, called Eufaula, was located on the
Chattahoochee River, in Henry County, Alabama.
Our Eufaula began to develop into a town soon after the
arrival of the railroad in 1872, although .for forty years before that
time it was a well-known Indian center, a favorite meeting place for the
Creeks. Many of the pow-wows or Indian conferences were held in that
vicinity during the early days. The old Indian settlement of that name
was, however, several miles from the present site of the town, but
through the influence of G. W. Grayson, the present Chief of the Creeks,
his brother Samuel, George Stidham and others, the Railroad Company was
induced to locate one of its stations at the present site of the town
and the old Indian village was moved to the station. D. B. Whitlow and
Joseph Coody established the first store on the west side of the
railroad and the Graysons and G. E. Seales started a store on the east
side about the same time. Dr. W. H. Bailey was the first physician and
druggist to locate in the new town. Rev. R. C. McGee, a Presbyterian
missionary, established one of the first churches in Eufaula and
remained in charge of it for many years. The old Asbury Mission School,
located two miles northeast of Eufaula was, for many years previous to
the Civil war, the leading educational institution of that vicinity. It
served the Creek people faithfully, but was finally destroyed by fire.
Some of the most prominent citizens of the Creek Nation have resided in
or near Eufaula, among whom were the two Graysons, George W. and his
brother, Samuel. Samuel was an intelligent Indian, deeply interested in
the educational welfare of his people. He resided in that vicinity for
many years, and was extensively engaged in cattle raising and
merchandising. His death occurred in Eufaula a few years ago.
Additional Eufaula Resources
Source: Muskogee and Northeastern Oklahoma, 1922
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